Texas is home to four species of quail, a claim that only three other states can make (Arizona, California, and New Mexico are the others). The Northern Bobwhite is found in all but the western third of the state, and the scaled or “blue” quail is found in the western half. The Montezuma and Gambel’s quail are much less common and are found in only a few areas due to their specific habitat needs.
Quail populations have declined across Texas. The fundamental reason for quail population decline is loss of habitat, but investigations are ongoing to identify unidentified causes for falling quail numbers. Stabilizing, or reversing the decline, will take a coordinated, long-term effort to conserve Texas grasslands and remedies to factors causing harm to quail populations.
For more information, please visit: http://wildlife.tamu.edu.